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International Police Association

Belgian Section

Driekleur België

To All IPA Sections,

This seems to be my last request from the IPA Sections in my capacity as Chairperson of the Professional Commission. 

The PhD student and fellow Police officer Mr. Richard Ramm at University of Nevada, Reno, would like to get as many Law Enforcement Officers as possible to answer his survey on Human Trafficking. He has kindly translated the questionnaire into our four IPA languages to make it easier for us to circulate to all sections.

I highly recommend you to encourage your members to answer the survey and support Richard in his studies. 

The successor of the Chair of the Professional Commission will receive the final research document to share with us when completed.

In friendship

May-Britt Rinaldo Ronnebro

Chairperson of the Professional Commission


Title: A Survey to establish the Law Enforcement Paradigm for a Successful Human Trafficking Investigation

University of Nevada, Reno

Principle Investigator: Nicholas Seltzer PhD. Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.

Co-Investigator: Richard Ramm Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.

Hello, my name is Richard Ramm, and along with being a Sergeant at the Washoe County Sheriff’s Office, I am also a PhD student at the University of Nevada, Reno.  I am currently studying law enforcements effects on the trafficking in persons.  I am inviting you to take a quick survey that will help us assess several factors that officers encounter during human trafficking investigations, including if community trust affects human trafficking investigations; and if human trafficking can be misclassified as another crime.  All of which will help answer the question of what law enforcement considers a successful human trafficking investigation.

If you volunteer for this study, you are acknowledging that you are a law enforcement officer capable of investigating crimes and making arrests.  You will be asked to fill out a 26 question survey which should take approximately 20 minutes.  The questions will include the country you work in as well as questions regarding decision making in your agency, how your agency divides its jurisdiction and whether your agency works with others to combat trafficking.  

This study is considered minimal risk.  We will not record any personal identifying information during this research.  Questions about human trafficking and an individual’s experiences can cause reactions in some.  Rest assured that the answers to all questions will be anonymous, and only the researchers, as well as the University of Nevada, Reno Social Behavioral Institutional Review Board will have any opportunity to access responses.  You can withdraw from the survey at any time.  But, due to the lack of personal identifying information, once the survey is completed, it may prove impossible to find your answers to remove them from the data.

We cannot promise that participating in the study will benefit you.  We hope that your participation will assist us in gaining a better perspective of what constitutes a successful human trafficking investigation.  

At any time, if you have any questions or wish to report any issues with your participation in this study, you can contact Dr. Nicholas Seltzer (Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.) or Richard Ramm (Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.).  If you wish to discuss a problem or lodge a complaint, you can contact the University of Nevada, Reno Research Integrity Office at 775.327.2368 or use the online option at through the “Contact Us” page of the University’s Research Integrity Office website.  Thank you in advance for your participation.

Department of Political Science/0302

University of Nevada, Reno

1664 N.Virginia St.

Reno, Nevada 89557-0302

(775) 784-4601 office

(775) 784-1473 fax


frage in deutscher Sprache


Survey in English


Encuesta en español


Sondage en Français